By Eymen Gamha | Oct 8 2011assembly ,candidate ,constituent ,faq ,mechanic ,
Â Â Why are elections important for an international audience?
The elections for the Constituent Assembly that will take place on October 23rd are the first democratic elections in the Arab world. The international audience will be focusing on these elections as it will either determine the success or the failure of democratic experience in the Arab world, especially since Tunisia is the country from which the Arab Spring sparked. For more details, click here.
Â Â How long will it be before the results are released?
The Independent High Authority for the Elections (known by its French acronym ISIE) declared that the final results will be announced 12 days after the day of the elections (October 23rd), but that primary results will be announced progressively as the counts are done.
Â Â Who is monitoring the elections?
There will be national and international observers who will monitor the elections. They will be present on October 23rd in the polling stations in all 33 electoral districts to make sure that there is no fraud. They will also monitor the vote counting.
Â Â How does the voting process work?
Please click here to find a detailed example that shows how the voting process works. (Question 5)
Â Â When do polls open and when do they close?
On October 23rd, polling stations are open from 7am to 7pm. For Tunisians living outside of the country, polling stations will be open from October 20th to October 22nd at times determined by local working hours.
Â Â Who are the top candidates/ profiles? (top 3 parties)
Among the 112 political parties existing in Tunisia, the top 3 parties are:
- Ennahda (The Renaissance Party)
- The ProgressiveÂ Democratic Party (PDP)
- Ettakatol (Coalescence party)
Â Â How much power will the Assembly have?
The Constituent Assembly will be the supreme power in Tunisia as, first, it will be responsible for writing the Constitution of the Tunisian Republic, and second, it will be responsible for appointing a Prime Minister who will in turn create the second interim government that will stay effective until the new Constitution goes into effect.
Â Â What are current unemployment figures? Adult and youth?
The latest statistics show that unemployment rates in Tunisia have reached 14%. Unemployment rates among youth amount 30%, 3 times higher than rates among the adult population. Unemployment figures among graduates have continuously increased in the last few years, reaching 22% in 2009; while it has decreased for non graduates as the government have been creating jobs that don’t require qualifications.
Â Â How badly has Tunisia’s economy been affected after the revolution?
The Tunisian economy has seriously been affected by the revolution. The rates revealed by the National Institute for StatisticsÂ show that the GDP has decreased by 7.8% in the first trimester of 2011 compared to 2010. The Central Bank of Tunisia is expecting a 1%Â growth in GDP in 2011, compared to 3.7% last year. But tourism, which represents 7% of Tunisia’s GDP, was considerably affected. The sector’s income has decreased by 35%, while transport saw a 18.5% decrease.
Â Â What do Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch say about the current human rights situation?
Human Rights Watch reports that the Tunisian government lifted restrictions on theÂ Women’s Rights Treaty.
Â Â Who is likely to be voted / who are the main candidates?
The main candidates for the Constituent Assembly are:
- Abdelfattah Mourou (independent candidate)
- Mustapha Ben Jaafar (Head of Ettakatol)
- Moncef Marzouki (Head of CPR)
Â Â Who are the main female candidates?
The main female candidates are:
- Maya Jribi (General Secretary for PDP)
- Radhia Nasraoui (Lawyer and Human Rights Activist – Head of list for PCOT)
- Bochra Bel Haj Hmida (active member of the Democratic Women’s Tunisian AssociationÂ - Head of list for Ettakatol)
Â Â What do latest polls show?
The latest polls show that among the chosen population, 74% of respondents have a preference for a party and 26% don’t know for whom to vote.
The latest poll reveal the following voting intentions:
- Ennahda – 25%
- PDP – 16%
- Ettakatol – 14%
- CPR – 8%
- Afek Tounes – 3%
- Al Moubadara – 3%
- Al Moustakbel – 3%
- Al Watan – 3%
- Mourou’s List – 3%
- PCOT – 3%