Daily Archives: June 18, 2014

Yousra Ghannouchi

Contrary to previous Ennahda announcements, no agreement has been reached about the distribution of the portfolios of key Ministry positions in the Tunisian Government according to Yousra Ghannouchi, the daughter of Ennahda Leader Rachid Ghannouchi.

During the night of November 22nd during a taping session of “The New Arab Debates” at Kobbet Ennas Palace in Mannouba, Yousra denied any deal had been made dividing up key government positions.  ”The Ministries are still in negotiation… and if we hold the Justice Ministry, which I don’t think we will, we are committed to completely reforming Tunisia’s system of justice,” Yousra said in response to a question from the audience.

Yousra also made similar statements denying the finalization of Ennahda control over the Ministries of Interior and Foreign Affairs when answering policy questions in those areas from the audience.

However, Abedltif Lmekki, a member of the executive office of Ennahda announced on Tunisian National TV the night of November 21st that Ennahdha had come to an agreement with coalition partners CPR and Ettakatol and would hold the portfolios of the Ministries of Justice, Foreign Affairs and Interior.

Souad Abderrahim, female candidate of the Tunisian moderate Islamist party Ennahda, representing the voting district Tunis 2, and member of the Constituent Assembly was physically attacked on the morning of November 22nd, 2011.

Abderrrahim was assaulted before the start of the inaugural session of the newly elected Constituent Assembly.

She affirmed that this incident has nothing to do with freedom of expression, and that she strongly supports freedom of expression, opinion and right to difference. She denounced resorting to violence.

Abderrrahim deemed any physical or moral threats against Constituent Assembly members unacceptable, stating, “Those who attacked me this morning are the enemies of democracy.” She stressed that her attackers used slogans hostile to the idea of the Constituent Assembly.

Source: TAP

The Libyan National Transition Council, through its Prime Minister Abderrahim Al Keib, announced on 22 November, the names of the newly appointed ministers.

Mustafa Abu Shagur was named deputy prime minister and Faouzi Abdel-Al as minister of interior. The council also confirmed the nominations of Hassan Zeghlam as oil minister. As for Ali Tarhouni, he keeps his post as minister of finance. Ossama Jouili, head of the Military Council of Zintan, responsible for the recent arrest of Muammar Gaddafi’s second eldest son, Saif Al Islam, was appointed minister of defense. Al Keib promised that the new government will not be based on quota or geographical distribution, Libya Al Ahrar TV reported.


Ibrahim Al Qassas - Al Aridha Achaabeya

At the Constituent Assembly’s first meeting yesterday, several members of the independent list Al Aridha Achaabeya (The Popular Petition) caused a ruckus, yelling at the Speaker Taher Hmila and other members. The Aridha members reacted intensely upon finding a magazine depicting a satirical image of Hashmi Hamdi, the head of their list, on their desks following the lunch break. Al Aridha Achaabeya members condemned the magazine’s distribution and considered it as an act of marginalization to the independent list.

The session was interrupted and Aridha members began shouting and asked Hmila to investigate who allowed the distribution of the magazine.

Al Aridha is an independent list in Tunisia. It was formed after the Tunisian revolution, on March 17th, 2011. It has been founded and led by the political writer and media entrepreneur Mohamed Hashmi Hamdi.

Mustpha Ben Jaafer folding his hands to his stomach while swearing the oath

On November 22nd, 2011, during the inaugural session of Tunisia’s Constituent Assembly, leader of center-left party Ettakatol, Mustapha Ben Jaafar, caused confusion when he did not place his hand on the Quran while taking oath.

Traditionally, after the singing of the Tunisian National Anthem, members of the Constituent Assembly take an oath while placing their left hand on the Quran.

Many observers were surprised by this and wondered what the reasons behind such a stance might be. When questioned by a reporter from radio station Shems FM, Ben Jaafer said, “I did not see the camera.”

The misunderstanding was cleared up, when Ben Jaafar swore on the Quran prior to his first address as President of the Constituent Assembly.

The following is a link to the video:


Source: Business news

From the Congress of the Republic (CPR) led by Mr. Moncef Marzouki – Interim President of the Republic

1 Samir Ben Ali Ben Amor
2 Arbi Ben Salah Abid
3 Abdelaziz Ben Habib Kotti
4 Haïthem Ben Mabrouk Belgacem
5 Abderraouf Ben Sadok Ayadi
6 Hichem Ben Mohamed Cherif Ben Jemaâ
7 Naceur Ben Mohamed Brahmi
8 Mohamed Mehrezi Ben Boujemaâ Abbou
9 Mohamed Moncef Ben Mohamed Marzouki
10 Rabï Ben Habib Abdi
11 Dhamir Ben Noureddine Menaï
12 Tarek Ben Ayachi Laabidi
13 Taher Ben Mohamed H’mila
14 Lazhar Ben Taher Chemli
15 Rafik Ben Meftah Telili
16 Mohamed Karray Ben Massoud Jerbi
17 Abdelwaheb Ben Ali Mouâtar
18 Nizar Ben Ahmed Makhloufi
19 Mohamed Ali Ben Salah Nasri
20 Naoufel Ben Abdelkarim Gheribi
21 Slim Ben Taher Ben Massoud Ben Hamiden
22 Abdessalem Ben Ali Chaâben
23 Azad Ben Mohamed Taher Bady
24 Omar Ben Mohamed Salah Chetoui
25 Hasna Bent Ali Marsit
26 Imed Ben Mohsen Daïmi
27 Hedi Ben Ali Ben Abbes
28 Mabrouka Bent Hachemi Moubarek
29 Ikbel Ben Hedi Mesdaâ

From Al Aaridha Achaabeya (The Popular Petition)

1 Ali Ben Naji Haouiji
2 Mohamed Saleh Ben Abdelkarim Chaïrat
3 Jedidi Ben Kilani Sebouï
4 Tarek Ben Abderrahmen Bouaziz
5 Moncef Ben Ali Cherni
6 Aymen Ben Ahmed Zouaghi
7 Anwar Ben Hassen Marzouki
8 Hatem Ben Abdallah Kelaï
9 Chokri Ben Ali Arfaoui
10 Iskander Ben Harrath Bouallagui
11 Mohamed Abdelmônem Ben Amer Krir
12 Jalel Ben Slimen Farhat
13 Hanen Bent Mohsen Sessi
14 Moez Ben Abdelaziz Kamoun
15 Ramadhan Ben Mohamed Doghmani
16 Rim Bent Omar Thaïri
17 Rabiâ Bent Mohamed Najlaoui
18 Mohamed Ben Youssef Hamdi
19 Faiza Bent Abdelkader Kadoussi
20 Hosni Ben Tarchoun Badri
21 Mouldi Ben Abderrahmen Zidi
22 Saïd Ben Nasr Kharfouchi
23 Saâd Ben Mohamed Fetah Bouaïch
24 Hasen Ben Ahmed Radhouani
25 Ibrahim Ben Sadok Kassass
26 Abdessatar Ben Ouardi Dhifi

From Ettakatol led by Mr. Mustapha Ben Jaafar – President of the Constituent Assembly

1 Mustapha Ben Mohamed Ben Jaafar
2 Khalil Moncef Ben Mustapha Zaouia
3 Lobna Bent Ftouh Jeribi
4 Mouldi Ben Hedi Riahi
5 Khemaïs Ben Mohamed Kssila
6 Salma Hedia Bent Ridha Mabrouk
7 Abderrahman Ben Mohamd Behi Ladgham
8 Mohamed Ben Youssef Allouche
9 Abdellatif Ben Abderrahmane Abid
10 Fatma Bent Ahmed Gharbi
11 Ali Ben Bechir Belchrifa
12 Saïd Ben Rejeb Mechichi
13 Abdelkader Bettaïeb Ben Khemais
14 Salah Ben Mohamed Chouaïb
15 Jamel Ben Hedi Touir
16 Jamel Ben Chedli Gargouri
17 Jalel Ben Mohamed Bouzid
18 Mohamed Habib Ben Tahar Herguem
19 Slim Ben Abdessalem
20 Karima Ben Mohamed Souid

From Ennahda led by Mr. Hammadi Jebali – Prime Minister of the interim government

1 Mohamed Elhabib Ben Adel Nacer Marzouki
2 Yamina Bent Mohamed Zoghlami
3 Karim Ben Amor Elharouni
4 Hajer Bent Mansour Azaiez
5 Souad Bent Mohamed Taher Ben Abdelrahim
6 Zied Ben Mustapha Eldouletli
7 Halima Bent Chadly El Guenni
8 Elsahbi Ben Massoud Ellattig
9 Amel Bent Mohamed Salah Ghouil
10 Elferjani Ben Mabrouk Eldoghman
11 Noureddine Ben Abdallah Elbhiri
12 Hala Bent Ibrahim El Hammi
13 El Sadok Ben Hamza Chourou
14 Selma Bent Abdelmajid Sarsout
15 Abdelbasset Ben Mustapha Ben Cheikh
16 Latifa Bent Abid Habbachi
17 Mohsen Ben Salem Elkaabi
18 Samir Ben Mohamed Dilou
19 Aicha Bent Elhédi Dhaouedi
20 Béchir Ben Ali Ridha Ellezam
21 Assia Bent Ali Elnafeti
22 Mohamed Ben Hamda Ben Salem
23 Nebiha Bent Elhabib Torjmen
24 El Moez Ben Abdelrahmen ben Haj Rhouma
25 Sana Bent Mohamed Haddad
26 Imed Ben Hassine ElHammami
27 Salha Bent Mohamed Ben Aicha
28 Mohamed Ben Ibrahim Saidi
29 Nabila Bent Abdelaziz Askri Snoussi
30 Ahmed Ben Elarbi Elmechregui
31 Sana Bent Elhabib Morsni
32 Abdellatif Ben Taieb Elmekki
33 Mounira Bent Farhat Amri
34 Adel Ben Mohamed Elbechir Benattia
35 Samia Bent Belkacem Elferchichi
36 Hammadi Ben Bouraoui Eljebali
37 Monia Bent Elzaier Ibrahim
38 Zied Ben Salem Eladhari
39 Fatouma Bent Taieb Attia
40 Nejib Ben Mohamed Amer Mourad
41 Sonia Bent Ahmed Toumia
42 Mounir Ben Mohamed Ben Hania
43 Hédi Ben Elajmi Ben Brahem
44 Néjiba Bent Elhédi Baryoul
45 Abdelaziz Ben Ahmed Chaabane
46 Elmoncef Ben Mohamed Ben Salem
47 Fatoum Bent Abdelaziz Lassoued
48 Kamel Ben Abdelrahmen Ammar
49 Elhabib Ben Mohamed Ellouz
50 Kalthoum Bent Ali Badrreddine
51 Badrreddine Ben Mansour Abdelkefi
52 Habiba Bent Mohamed Eltriki
53 Mahmoud Ben Elhédi Gouia
54 Farida Bent Ali Abidi
55 Ahmed Ben Mokhtar Smei
56 Moufida Bent Khelifa Marzouki
57 Eloualid Ben Elzoubeir Bennani
58 Khira Bent Eltaeib Seghiri
59 Fareh Ben Essifi Ensibi
60 Mohamed Tahar Ben Abdellah Tlili
61 Beya Bent Ahmed Jaouadi
62 Elhabib Ben Mohamed Mouldi Khedher
63 Amel Bent Ali Azouz
64 Abdelkader Ben Mohamed Elkadri
65 Dalila Bent Abdelsalem Bouain
66 Abdelmajid Ben Amor Elnajar
67 Basma Bent Hamida Eljebali
68 Slaheddine Ben Mohamed Lhiba
69 Hajer Bent Salem Mnifi
70 Elnafti Ben Elmabrouk Elmahdhi
71 Mohamed Ben Salah Elseghaeir
72 Jawhara Bent Chaker Eltiss
73 Ali Ben Mohamed Fares
74 Slimen Ben Mohamed Helel
75 Elzohra Bent Eltaieb Smida
76 Abdelhalim Ben Lazhar Zouari
77 Hafedh Ibrahim Ben Ibrahim Lassoued
78 Kaouther Bent Mohamed Ladgham
79 Elbéchir Ben Mohamed Chammem
80 Monia Bent Mohsen Elgasri
81 Amer Ben Elttaief Elaraiedh
82 Mehrzia Bent Mohamed Elsghair Elabidi
83 Neji Ben Chadly Eljmel
84 Dalila Bent Ahmed Elbaba
85 Ousama Ben Amor Alaia Elsghaier
86 Imen Bent Mohamed Ben m’hamed
87 Fethi Ben nacer Elayadi
88 Ferdaous Bent Ahmed Eloueslatti
89 Kamel Ben Abdelmajid Ben Amara

From Al Aaridha Independent List

1 Ali Ben Naji Haouiji
2 Mohamed Saleh Ben Abdelkarim Chaïrat
3 Jedidi Ben Kilani Sebouï
4 Tarek Ben Abderrahmen Bouaziz
5 Moncef Ben Ali Cherni
6 Aymen Ben Ahmed Zouaghi
7 Anwar Ben Hassen Marzouki
8 Hatem Ben Abdallah Kelaï
9 Chokri Ben Ali Arfaoui
10 Iskander Ben Harrath Bouallagui
11 Mohamed Abdelmônem Ben Amer Krir
12 Jalel Ben Slimen Farhat
13 Hanen Bent Mohsen Sessi
14 Moez Ben Abdelaziz Kamoun
15 Ramadhan Ben Mohamed Doghmani
16 Rim Bent Omar Thaïri
17 Rabiâ Bent Mohamed Najlaoui
18 Mohamed Ben Youssef Hamdi
19 Faiza Bent Abdelkader Kadoussi
20 Hosni Ben Tarchoun Badri
21 Mouldi Ben Abderrahmen Zidi
22 Saïd Ben Nasr Kharfouchi
23 Saâd Ben Mohamed Fetah Bouaïch
24 Hasen Ben Ahmed Radhouani
25 Ibrahim Ben Sadok Kassass
26 Abdessatar Ben Ouardi Dhifi

From the Democratic Progressive Movement (PDP)

1 Mohamed Moncef Ben Habib Cheikh Rouhou
2 Ahmed Nejib Ben Abdelaziz Chebbi
3 Issam Ben Abdelaziz Chebbi
4 Maya Bent Mohamed Jeribi
5 Mehdi Ben Mustapha Ben Gharbia
6 Kaïs Ben Fethi Mokhtar
7 Najla Bent Abdeljelil Bourial épouse Essid
8 Mahmoud Ben Noureddine Baroud
9 Chokri Ben Abderrahmane Kastalli
10 Rabeh Ben Mohamed Kheraïfi
11 Iyed Ben Brahim Dahmani
12 Mohamed Ben Abdelhamid Gahbich
13 Mohamed Néji Ben Ahmed Gharssali
14 Mohamed Ben Mabrouk Hamdi
15 Mohamed Ben Kadri Kehila
16 Mohamed Ben Moncef Elmay

From the Democratic Modernist Pole

1 Samir Ben Manoubi Ettaïeb
2 Ahmed Ben Messaoud Ibrahim
3 Mohamed Larbi Fadhel Ben Mohamed Ferid Moussa
4 Salma Bent Hassen Baccar
5 Nadia Bent Sadok Chaabane

From Al Moubadara

1 Mohamed Karim Ben Youssef Krifa
2 Mouna Bent Mohamed Ben Nasr
3 Hedi Ben Khelifa Chaouch
4 Amira Bent Mohamed Salah Marzouk
5 Fadhel Ben Mohamed Ellouej

From Afek Tounes

1 Nooman Ben Jemil Fehri
2 Rim Bent Mohamed Mahjoub
3 Chokri Ben Ahmed Yaïch
4 Samira Ben Jilani Meraï

From the The Tunisian Communist Party (PCOT)

1 Hattab Ben Ali Barkati
2 Ahmed Ben Ayadi Sefi
3 Fethi Ben Mohamed Letaïef

From the Unionist and Cultural Nation Party
- Ibrahim Ben Ahmed Hamdi

The party of the Modernist Struggle
- Hichem Ben Jaafar Hosni

From the Maghreb Liberal Party
- Karim Ben Mohamed Bousairi Bouebdelli

From the National Social-Democrat Party
- Mohamed Nizar Ben Mohamed Kacem

From Néo-Destour
- Abderrazak Ben Othmane Khallouli

From The Mouvement of the People
- Mourad Ben Ajmi Amdouni
- Mohamed Ben Ahmed Brahmi

From the Independent List of the Social Struggle
- Wissem Ben Hssin Yacine

From the Mouvement of Democratic Patriots
- Mongi Ben Habib Rahoui

From the Independent Liste “Hope”
- Mohamed Néjib Ben Elarabi Hosni

From The Free Patriot Union
- Noureddine Ben Mohamed Mrabti

From the Party of Equity
- Mohamed Lotfi Ben Béchir Ben Mosbah

From the independent List “The Voice of the Independence”
- Slaheddine Ben Mohamed Zahaf

From the Mouvement of Socio-Democrats
- Kamel Ben Elborni Saadaoui
- Ahmed Ben Lazhar Khaskhoussi

From the Independent list “Fidelity”
- Mabrouk Ben Moncef Hrizi

From the Independent list “The Independent”
- Mohamed Tahar Ben Abderahamane Ylah

From the Independent list “For a Tunisian Patriotic Front”
- Foued Ben Abdelhamid Thameur

From the Independent list “The Justice”
- Fayçal Ben Hassine Jedlaoui



This morning, the Tunisian Constituent Assembly held its inaugural session in the historical parliamentary chambers in Bardo. Mustafa Ben Jaafer, from Ettakatol, was confirmed as Head of the Assembly with 145 out of the 217 total votes.

Maya Jribi, a member of the Progressive Democratic Party (PDP), also nominated herself for the post. In her nomination speech to the Assembly, she promised to work in unison with her colleagues as part of a reliable opposition bloc, while emphasizing the duties and responsibilities associated with such a promise. Jribi received 68 of the total votes. Two votes were cancelled, and two ballots were marked as absent.

Following the vote for the President of the Assembly, nominations were solicited for the two Vice Presidential posts –  one of which must held by a woman. The nominees for the VP posts are as follows: Meherzia Laabidi, Larbi Abid, Salma Baccar, Abdelmounâam Kerib, Nejib Hosni, Noôman Fehri, Moez Kamoun, and Hanen Sassi. One of the nominees, Nejib Hosni, withdrew his candidacy from the elections.

Votes are being counted for the vice presidential position as this article is being written.


Mustapha Ben Jaafar was elected President of Tunisia’s Constituent Assembly today by 145 out of 213 votes. Two members were absent and two ballots were canceled.

Maya Jribi, the secretary general of the Democratic Progressive Party (PDP) and candidate of the opposition got 68 votes.

Ben Jaafar, Ettakatol party president, ranked fourth in October 23rd elections. He was supported by the moderate Islamist party Ennahda and the Congress for the Republic (CPR) under a tripartite agreement signed on November 21st.

There is broad disagreement among political parties represented in the Constituent Assembly over the type of political system that will be adopted in Tunisia. While the Ennahda movement has indicated they have embraced a parliamentary system, the CPR and Ettakatol parties have indicated their desire to adopt a semi-presidential system.

The presidential system, which has been in place for 55 years in Tunisia is characterized by the office of the president who serves as both the head of state and the chief executive. Supporters of the presidential system claim the advantages are stability, decisiveness, separation of powers, and direct elections. The president has a fixed term of office which may provide more stability than a prime minister who can be dismissed at the will of political winds. A president has more power to quickly enact change. The presidency and the legislature are separated into two parallel structures which ensure checks and balances of power. In a presidential system, the president is often elected directly by the people. Supporters say this makes the president’s power more legitimate. Many argue however that the presidential system in Tunisia has been prone to sinking the country into authoritarianism due to the lack of strong legislative institutions throughout Tunisian history.

In parliamentary governments the head of state and the chief executive are two separate offices. The head of state tends to have a ceremonial role, while the chief executive is the head of the nation’s legislature. This political system has a set of advantages. Notably, quicker legislative action and an equal distribution of power by the separation of the executive and legislative branches. Some criticize the parliamentary system for lacking a definite election calendar which can be abused as well as providing a weak check on the governing coalition. A small parliamentary majority can win almost every vote on every issue in the parliament which could be an almost complete winner-take-all result.

In semi-presidential governments the prime minister and the president actively participate in the administration of the state. The president is popularly elected and has more  than just a ceremonial role. The cabinet is named by the president but it is also responsible to the legislature , which may force the cabinet to resign through a motion of no confidence.

The two main secular parties in Tunisia’s new governing coalition, CPR and Ettakatol, are both advocates of this semi-presidential, or mixed parliamentary, system.

“We are for a mixed parliamentary system. The presidential system is a system that we have suffered from for a long time. However, we don’t approve of the parliamentary system for two reasons, mainly the instability that a parliamentary regime can entail…we don’t want the possibility of reaching a similar stalemate that Lebanon found itself in in 2008,”  said Sami Ben Amara, campaign director for CPR.

He added, “We are for a balanced system. The president has to be elected directly by the people. He can serve for two terms, 4 years each. The prime minister has to be assigned by the majority in the parliament.”

According to Sadok Bel Aid, former Dean of the Faculty of Law at the Free University of Tunis, “A mixed parliamentary system is the most suitable system for Tunisia.” He stated that, “The presidential system can easily turn into a regime centered around the president. Our two previous experiences with a presidential system have shown that. A mixed parliamentary system would have made it harder for despots to abuse their powers. It is a system that ensures a balanced distribution of powers. The number of terms a president serves has to be limited to 2 terms.”

Zubayer Shourabee, a member of Ennahda’s Executive Bureau said “We want to make a break from the past, we need to try something new. The presidential system is an oppressive system. The discussion over the choice of system should take place in the Constituent Assembly, not in the government. We will discuss the prerogatives of the prime minister and the length and number of terms of the president’s service later.”

According to Ettakatol’s electoral program the president of the republic should be elected directly for a 5 years term, renewable once. The prime minister is chosen by those who hold the majority in the government.

Sami Razgallah, an Ettakatol member stated “we are advocating a semi-presidential system. It is a moderate regime. We won’t reach a stalemate concerning this issue because every bill is going to be submitted to the Constituent Assembly and their vote is going to determine which system we adopt.”

Torture Chambers at the Ministry of Interior Opened to Citizens With Paintbrushes October 7, 2011

Yesterday, November 21st, Foued Mebazaa, Tunisia’s Interim President, met Lazhar Akremi, a delegate of the Ministry of Interior in charge of launching reforms, in Carthage, Tunis.

Akremi delivered a white book about proposed reforms in the security system. He is a lawyer and was nominated as a delegate for the Ministry of Interior on July 2011.

The white book consists of six chapters discussing the restructuring of the security system, including the revision of the recruitment standards of the security forces, their programs and trainings.

The book proposes to establish a national academy of security and an information agency. It emphasizes internal and external dialogue of the police and the unification of governance mechanisms in the administration.

The proposed reforms also aim at changing the controversial Law 4 of 1969, which deals with public meetings, parades, and protests, and sets the conditions for the intervention of security agents.

The book proposes to redeploy security forces on the regional level and to have a municipal police under the control of the president of the municipality.

The white book intends to usher a new era and radical change to improve the relationship between the Ministry of Interior and Tunisian citizens, who underwent long years of aggression, tension and submission to the security force during the regime of Zine el-Abidine Ben Ali.