Protests by Jobless Tunisians Threaten Phosphate Industry

By Tristan Dreisbach | May 2 2013 Share on Linkedin Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on Google Share on pinterest Print

Tags: Houchati ,main-featured ,mining ,Phosphate ,second-economy-featured ,
Gafsa Mining Tunisia

Phosphate mining in Gafsa. Photo from Direct Info.

The Tunisian phosphate industry, a pillar of the nation's economy, has been crippled by ongoing protests that have slowed or halted production in the area around the city of Gafsa.

Unemployed job-seekers have prevented access to phosphate production facilities in Om Laarayes and Rudayyif, preventing them from operating and dramatically slashing revenues of the state-controlled phosphate production company.

These anarchic protests will make Tunisia lose several international markets and put an end to the activities of the Gafsa Chemical Group, said President Moncef Marzouki at a Labor Day ceremony yesterday. He asserted that the crisis would cost Tunisia 2 billion dinars a year in lost revenue, according to state news agency TAP.

It is a slow suicide, Marzouki said.

Phosphate extraction dominates the economy of Gafsa, but the region has struggled economically in recent years.

Gafsa has a history of uprisings and demonstrations. In 2008, it was home to a series of strikes and unrest in which at least three people died, dozens were hurt, and hundreds arrested. This is considered by some to be the beginning of the revolution that ousted former president Zine el-Abidine Ben Ali in January 2011.

Our activities and production are paralyzed, said Ali Houchati of the Gafsa Phosphate Company, a public enterprise managing the extraction of phosphate. He added that if the problems continue, the company will go bankrupt by the end of the year.

The labor issues have had a very negative effect on the company, according to Houchati. Production dropped 70 percent after the revolution, he said, falling from eight million metric tons in 2010 to 2.6 million in 2012. In Om Laarayes, one of the four regions in which phosphate is extracted, there has been no production at all since unrest began in 2011. In the Redeif region, only a small amount is being produced.

Houchati emphasized that the labor unrest was not a strike. He said that unemployed people were preventing employees from working, but that the workers themselves were not refusing to do their jobs.

Ali Abdallah, a union leader in Gafsa, said that while the protests of unemployed workers are a problem, current employees in the phosphate industry have demands as well, and are seeking a wage increase from the government.

There are also broader concerns about workplace safety and security. Abdallah told Tunisia Live that the company lacks adequate safety equipment. He also criticized it for failing to prevent the unemployed protestors from surrounding company facilities and preventing workers from entering the premises.

A negotiation session to discuss these issues was held last week between union members and representatives of the Ministry of Social Affairs and the Ministry of Industry, according to Abdallah, but no agreement was reached.

Houchati says that the company has been in lengthy discussions with the workers, but that they have gone nowhere.

The company has recruited over 2,500 new employees since February of this year, Houchati said, and 3,000 workers formerly hired by contracting firms have been made full employees, giving them greater rights.

The company disputes allegations of unsafe conditions. Safety is adequate, Houchati said, and it was only in the past when dangerous underground mines were used that workplace safety was a problem. Now phosphate extraction is done in surface mines, he said, and it is rare that any kind of deadly accident occurs. If an accident happens, he said, it is due to a worker not paying attention.

Responding to broader security concerns regarding the unemployed workers blocking company sites, he said that the company was looking into security solutions, and hopes to see the police intervene.

Amira Masrour contributed reporting.

Share on Linkedin Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on Google Share on pinterest



    the jobless are preventing the employed from working – if their action continues the company will go bust and there will be no jobs for anyone – is that really what the protesters want to achieve? that’s crazy!!

  1. people have to understand the history of this particular plant…in the past not many local people were given jobs the bosses preferring to give to their families, friend or those who paid for a job. This area and areas like it should be on the governments list for improvement, using local and outside investment, local enterprises, or local government grant aid etc.,

    These people have to survive on very little and they are very proud and the last time something like this happened. The army arrived and lives were lost and the people had to live with a curfew for quite a long time…hopefully this government will get its act together and really puts together some packages that include real and imaginative ways for people to work and earn a living…give people their dignity back

  2. The Chemical Group of Gafsa is the most profitable company in Tunisia, with a daily net profit at times of roughly 7 million Dinars. Take this figure times 365 and you will work out how wealthy that area should be. Unfortunately, the company’s proceeds were mostly not invested in the area of Gafsa but in the coastal areas of Tunisia. Frankly, I wonder how people can sharply criticise locals for their strikes. It is high time for the government to thoroughly reviewing the unfair redestribution of the region’s wealth. Otherwise, what happened to the Ben Ali-regime could happen again to the current gouvernment.